Montessori education is focused on observation and experiential learning of children. Experiential learning enables a youngster to get a thorough understanding of music, the arts, mathematics, social studies, and language. Children are free to make their own decisions, but instructors lead them through the process by providing age-appropriate activities. This is the polar opposite of conventional education, in which instructors exert complete control.
In Montessori classrooms, children are allowed to work in groups and individually to discover the world and what they’re good at. Children work by themselves and through their own experience. Teachers are only there to guide the process and discover a child’s natural curiosity and the unique way they learn.
Compared to traditional classrooms that have chairs, tables, and shelves with books, the Montessori classrooms allow free movement within the classroom. Toddlers can freely move from one group to another.
Montessori classrooms are designed to meet children’s needs within a particular age range. The classroom arrangement creates a match between a child’s natural desires and available activities.
In the early Montessori classrooms, children are also grouped by age. The commonly mixed-age classrooms are between 2 1/2 or 3 to 6 years old for the starting Montessori levels, prior to moving on to the lower elementary school levels.